United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs

Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

The Moon Agreement was considered and elaborated by the Legal Subcommittee from 1972 to 1979. The Agreement was adopted by the General Assembly in 1979 in resolution 34/68. It was not until June 1984, however, that the fifth country, Austria, ratified the Agreement, allowing it to enter into force in July 1984. The Agreement reaffirms and elaborates on many of the provisions of the Outer Space Treaty as applied to the Moon and other celestial bodies, providing that those bodies should be used exclusively for peaceful purposes, that their environments should not be disrupted, that the United Nations should be informed of the location and purpose of any station established on those bodies. In addition, the Agreement provides that the Moon and its natural resources are the common heritage of mankind and that an international regime should be established to govern the exploitation of such resources when such exploitation is about to become feasible.

For information on States and Organizations that are Party to the Moon Agreement, please see the Treaty Status webpage.

The Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies is available in the following languages and formats.

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Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies

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