In Italy, one of the founding members of the International Committee on Global Navigation Satellite Systems (ICG), the use of satellite-based navigation systems is growing continuously in the various transport sectors: civil aviation, maritime and ground (road and rail) as well as in a numerous fields of "non-transport" applications such a geodesy, agriculture, geographic information system (GIS), and real-time kinematic (RTK).
The Italian Ministry of Transport, based on the promotional activities conducted by the Italian Space Agency and the Italian Institute of Navigation, has undertaken an attempt to promote the debates for a national radio navigation plan, allowing to coordinate radio navigation systems on the territory in a harmonized and cooperated fashion.
The Italian Space Agency (ASI) is fostering the development of Applications of Satellite Navigation in cooperation with Governmental Operational Entities (ENAC, ENAV, Italian Coast Guard, etc.) in order, also, to pave the way for GALILEO, being one of the major contributors to the European Programme.
As far as the Reference Networks for precise positioning is concerned, the Italian Space Agency is owner of main network in Italy, which is part of an international geodesy network.
Available Online Resources
The Italian Space Agency for Satellite Navigation: http://www.asi.it/en/activity/navigation
The Italian Space Agency for Geodesy: http://www.asi.it/en/agency/bases/geodesy
The Italian Institute of Navigation (IIN): http://www.istnav.org/en/
Politecnico di Torino - Satellite Navigation Education: https://didattica.polito.it/
Istituto Superiore Mario Boella: http://www.navsas.eu/
Satellite Navigation Group:
INRIM Institute for Metrology - Time Experts: http://www.inrim.it/index.shtml
University of Trieste: http://www.dicar.units.it/GeoSNaV/
University of Florence: http://www.iet.unipi.it/m.luise/
University of Padua: http://cisas.unipd.it/
University of Naples Parthenope: http://www.uniparthenope.it/