Update (08/01/2015): Symposium Report online A/AC.105/1082
The United Nations has the mandate to promote international space cooperation and to assist its Members States with capacity building in the use of space technology and its applications. For this purpose the Programme on Space Applications, implemented by the Office for Outer Space Affairs, was established in 1971.
Since its inception, the Programme has organized several hundred international conferences and training courses, bringing together space experts from developed and developing countries. In cooperation with academic institutions around the World it provides long-term fellowship opportunities for education in various space applications fields and in small satellite development. The Programme also led the establishment of UN-affiliated Regional Centres for Space Science and Technology Education in Africa, Asia and the Pacific, Latin America and the Caribbean and Western Asia.
The initial focus of the Programme in the 1970s and 1980s was on remote sensing and satellite communication applications. However, it was soon recognized that many countries lacked the capacity and expert knowledge to make optimal use of space applications and that space science-related activities could offer a cost-effective, entry-level path for capacity building in the use of space technology and its applications. To address this problem the Basic Space Science Initiative (BSSI) was launched under the Programme on Space Applications in 1991 (see A/AC.105/2013/CRP.11)
BSSI was a long-term effort for the development of astronomy and space science through regional and international cooperation in this field on a worldwide basis, particularly in developing nations. A series of workshops were held from 1991 to 2004 and astronomical telescope facilities and planetariums, donated by Japan, were established and inaugurated in several developing countries. From 2005 to 2008 BSSI focused on the preparations for and the follow-ups to the International Heliophysical Year 2007, which resulted in the establishment of 16 worldwide instrument arrays with close to 1000 instruments recording data on solar-terrestrial interaction. Since 2009 BSSI contributed with its activities to the International Space Weather Initiative (ISWI), which was concluded in 2012.
The Programme on Space Applications is continually reviewing and adjusting its activities to ensure that they remain relevant to the mandates and priorities of the United Nations and its Members States. Considering the accomplishments to date and the considerable changes and developments in the field of space activities in general and in the space sciences in particular, the time has come to review BSSI activities and to consider together with the international space science community the future role of space science in the overall framework of the United Nations and specifically in the Programme on Space Applications.
This symposium forms part of the United Nations/Austria Series of Symposiums.
The primary objectives of the Symposium will be to:
In doing so, the Symposium will reflect where the field of space science is heading and what roles international cooperation and capacity building may be playing. The secondary objectives of the Symposium will therefore be to:
Participants in the Symposium will be invited to address the above objectives and will be asked to consider the following questions:
The observations and recommendations reflecting the discussions at the Symposium will be published as an official United Nations General Assembly document of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. This document will be the basis for further considerations on the role of space science-related activities in the United Nation Programme on Space Applications.
Following the opening ceremony of the Symposium, invited keynote presentations will review the history and achievements of the Programme on Space Applications in the field of space science-related activities, in particular under the Basic Space Science Initiative (BSSI). Other United Nations entities and space science related organizations, such as the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), the Committee on Space Research (COSPAR), the International Academy of Astronautics (IAA), the International Astronomical Union (IAU) and the International Astronautical Federation (IAF) will be invited to make presentations on their space science activities and their considerations and plans for future activities under the United Nations framework.
The Office for Outer Space Affairs will invite Member State representatives of space agencies as well as space science experts and researchers in policy- and decision-making functions involved in relevant space science activities, including in, but not limited to, the following disciplines:
In particular the participation of experts able to make contributions about the scientific horizons, international cooperation opportunities and capacity building in these disciplines is highly encouraged.
The Symposium programme will be organized into several technical sessions, each of which will cover a suitably grouped range of space science disciplines. Ample time will be set aside for moderated group discussions on the potential role and contributions of the United Nations in supporting space science capacity building and international cooperation, in particular also considering space science activities in the developing countries and may be supplemented by panel discussions focussing on particularly important questions.
The co-sponsors will organize an attractive programme of social events for all Symposium participants. A tour of the Institute of Space Research of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, where the Symposium will be held, and presentations on its activities are also planned.
Symposium participants should be involved in policy- and decision-making functions in the planning or implementation of space science activities in international or national space agencies, governmental or non-governmental organizations, research institutions, industry, universities and other academic institutions. The selection of participants will be based on their anticipated contributions to address the objectives and questions laid out in the information note. Applications from qualified female applicants are particularly encouraged. Invited participants will receive a formal invitation letter.
The Symposium will be held from 22 to 24 September 2014 in Graz, Austria, at the Space Research Institute of the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Invited participants will receive information with details on board and lodging and other local arrangements.