UN Conference on Sustainable Lunar Activities


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Important updates

  • Deadline for registration to attend in person: 5 May 2024
  • Deadline for registration to attend online: 16 June 2024

Setting the stage

In 1969, 650 million people watched the first moon landing live. While that was a unique event, moon missions are no longer such a rare occurrence. Since the start of the space age in the 1950s, there have been more than 77 successful lunar missions. This number is expected to increase tremendously over the next few years with more crewed landings, soft landings, and sample return missions, amongst others, planned for the future by both public and private entities. Against this background we are confronted with the inevitable question of how to ensure such activities are conducted in a safe and sustainable manner.

Since its inception, the intergovernmental Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS) has continued to develop global governance of outer space affairs. It has built international consensus in the peaceful uses of outer space, so upholding the fundamental principle of the Outer Space Treaty, which recalls that "the exploration and use of outer space, including the Moon and other celestial bodies, shall be carried out for the benefits and in the interests of all countries". 

In a quest to maintain this essential spirit of the Treaty, COPUOS has seen different initiatives addressing aspects of lunar operations. This includes the Working Group on the Legal Aspects of Space Resources, and a more recent proposal to establish an Action Team on Lunar Activities Consultation (ATLAC).

Leading the multilateral dialogue on international lunar collaboration and governance , the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Lunar Activities aims to support Member States by convening heads of space agencies, scientific and legal experts, and relevant stakeholders from both the public and private sector, to understand the common approaches, complexities, and challenges to lunar activities, as well as identify possible avenues for global coordination, which is a prerequisite for sustainable, future lunar activities.


This conference aims to foster a meaningful discussion on lunar cooperation in view of our collective vision of bringing the benefits of space to all humankind. By better understanding commonalities within the different approaches of key actors, as well as unpacking complexities and challenges, this conference will aim to identify potential avenues for global coordination, as a fundamental requirement for sustainable, future lunar activities.

Who should attend?

The conference is for everyone interested in the long term sustainability of lunar activities. 

The conference is aimed at experts and policymakers from regional, national and local institutions, private organizations, academic institutions, non-governmental organizations and international organizations from both developed and developing countries.

Representatives from the various permanent missions of United Nations Member States in Vienna will be invited to the conference, along with representatives from various United Nations agencies and other international organizations, with the aim of promoting dialogue not only between policy-makers but also with the private sector. Members of the public are also welcome to attend.

Such multi-stakeholder composition allows for a truly inclusive, diverse and multilateral dialogue around the four pillars of space economy, space society, space accessibility and space diplomacy.

The organizers strive to support gender mainstreaming in their programmes and are committed to achieving a balanced representation of diverse backgrounds and perspectives.

How to register?

Registration is free of charge and open to everyone. Please click  here  to register.
Deadline for registration to attend in-person: 5 May 2024
Deadline for registration to attend online: 16 June 2024

What to expect?

Draft Programme

Time (Central European Time) Session
09:00 - 10:00 Registration opens
10:00 - 10:15 Welcome and opening thoughts by Aarti Holla-Maini, Director, UNOOSA
10:15 - 11:15 Session 1: Coordination and Communication of Sustainable Lunar Activities
Ensuring safe and peaceful lunar operations will depend on robust communication and coordination by the countries that are conducting activities in orbit and on the lunar surface. This panel and the ensuing discussion will explore how to develop and support such a system and what role UNOOSA and the UN can play as a facilitating organization.
11:15 - 11:30 Coffee break
11:30 - 12:30 Session 2: Commercial Activities / Perspective on Lunar Coordination and Communication
Public-Private Partnerships and commercial space companies generally are playing an increasingly important role in lunar exploration and development. This panel will explore perspectives of leading private sector companies on how best to implement coordination and communication to ensure safe and successful lunar operations.
12:30 - 13:45 Lunch
13:45 - 15:00 Session 3:  Future Lunar Activities and Approaches (Part I)
During this panel, we will hear from signatories to the Artemis Accords and the International Lunar Research Station (ILRS) programme, as to why these initiatives came into being, what the goals and ambitions of various signatories are, and how they support standards of behaviour that will lead to a peaceful and prosperous future in space for all of humanity to enjoy.
15:00 - 15:30 Coffee break
15:30 - 16:45 Session 4: Future Lunar Activities and Approaches (Part II)
During this panel, we will continue to hear from signatories of the Artemis Accords and the ILRS programme about their goals and ambitions, and how they support standards of behaviour that will lead to a peaceful and prosperous future in space.
16:45 - 17:45 Session 5: Workshop Discussion to Identify Common Areas of Agreement on Standards of Behaviour
Moderator: Aarti Holla-Maini
Leveraging the information presented in the previous two sessions, this final discussion will strive to identify common ground relative to standards of behaviour for lunar activities, including legal and regulatory aspects, that all parties can support.
17:45 - 18:00 Closing remarks
18:30 Reception


More information coming soon...


More information coming soon...


What is the working language of the conference?

The working language of the conference is English. Interpretation service will not be provided.

Where is the venue?

The conference will take place at the Vienna International Center (VIC),  Wagramer Strasse 5, 1220 Vienna, Austria, in Boardroom D. Click here for directions to VIC.

Where can I watch the online broadcast?

The conference will be broadcasted via MS Teams. Please register for the conference using the registration link provided above. You will receive an email with connection details closer to the date of the conference. Please check your spam folder if you have not received the email.

What should I do if I have not received the link to watch the online broadcast?

The conference will be broadcasted via MS Teams. Please check your spam folder if you have not received the link.

As an online attendee, am I able to ask questions to the speakers?

 This is an online broadcast. Thus, it is not possible for online attendees to speak directly to the speakers.

How does the organizing committee select in-person attendees?

Please note that those interested to attend in person will be selected, up to the maximum capacity of the room, based on relevant professional and academic experience as indicated in the registration form. Selected attendees will be notified via email in May.

Does UN provide financial support to those interested to attend the conference in person?

All in-person participants are expected to fund their own travel. 

Does UN provide health insurance?

Health insurance for each of the selected participants attending in person is necessary and is the responsibility of the participant or his/her institution or government. UNOOSA will not assume any responsibility for life and health insurance, nor for expenses related to medical treatment or accidents.

May I submit an abstract?

All speakers at this conference are by invitation only. There will not be a call for abstract.


Please be aware that by attending the event in person, you are providing consent that photos and videos taken during the event may be published on the UNOOSA website.

Who do I contact for further information?

For additional information, please contact  unoosa-events@un.org .

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